The State of Arizona has abundant natural resources appropriate for off-highway motorized vehicle recreation. Off-highway vehicle (OHV) trails can be defined as multiple use paths open to off-highway vehicles for recreational purpose. Examples of off-highway vehicles (OHVs) include all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), utility task vehicles (UTVs), Side by Sides, recreational off-highway vehicles (ROVs), motorcycles, mopeds and snowmobiles.
In 2016–2017, Arizona State University conducted a study to measure the economic impact of OHV recreation, by retained and out of state visitors, on the State of Arizona. A retained visitor is defined as a local visitor who would have traveled outside the State of Arizona if OHV trails had been absent. The study makes use of web-based questionnaires in addition to onsite surveys at geographically dispersed popular trail locations.
Overall economic impact of OHV recreation on the State of Arizona includes:
- Leverage ratio is: 1:184:48
- $2.64 billion in output
- $1.60 billion in value added
- $ .94 billion in labor income
- More than 21,077 jobs
- $221.76 million in State/Local taxes
- $148.23 million in Federal tax revenue